Outdoor environments in the future now seems increasingly recognized as an effective way to increase physical activity and reduce the less active lifestyles among children and adolescents. Moreover, children and adolescents of today tend to prefer to play in his private room in the home or in the company of the super-sophisticated gadgets.
In fact, outdoor play space for children can reduce the risk associated with chronic disease. The benefits of outdoor physical activity will reduce stress, blood pressure, heart rate, muscle tension, and improve mood. Also can increase the motivation of children and adolescents to behave more actively.
Physical activity is any form of body movement due to contraction of skeletal muscles that cause an increase in energy output. Furthermore, the distribution of physical activity readiness in terms of motor and cognitive skills in children divided into three age groups:
1. Age children 2-5 years: require simple motor skills. For example, jumping, throwing, catching, and running. “At this stage, the activities that can be done as far as possible not be a complicated combination of a variety of motor skills for children of this age,”
2. Age children 6-9 years: require combination with a precision of movement. With some basic skills of the sport. “For example, children at this age are able to throw or kick a certain direction,”.
3. Age children 10-12 years: at this stage, says dr. Ade, who has been the child’s motor skills dimahirkan combined with cognitive skills in a specific sport rules.
Sport or physical activity that can be done based on the recommendation of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the American Heart Association (AHA) in 2007 is a physical activity that is done on a regular basis as much as five times a week, with moderate intensity movements, and performed at least 30 minutes.
“His movements could be aerobics, brisk walking, swimming, cycling, doing exercise, or other,”
While on the recommendation of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services in Physical Activity Guidlines for Americans in 2008, adults who want to be physically healthy aerobic physical activity of moderate intensity, at least 150 minutes per week or with a high intensity of at least 75 minutes a week. For children and adolescents, physical activity should be done is a kind of aerobics for 60 minutes every day.
However, physical activity outside of this space will be more successful if the body is equipped with what he called “Healthy Living Package”. Physical activity that is enhanced by always maintaining a healthy diet.
To have a life that is always healthy, not enough physical activity. But it must also be accompanied by running a balanced diet with adequate nutrition so that the intake of nutrition for the body is also always fulfilled.