Symptoms of anemia can be experienced by anyone, both adults and children. Anemia has an adverse impact because it can reduce productivity. Even in children, anemia can interfere with the growth process.
Anemia is generally a condition when the body lacks iron and therefore contributes to the function of hemoglobin (Hb) binds and carries oxygen throughout the body. So a person who has anemia is usually more tired, lethargic, and not passionate.
Professor Dr. Djajadiman Billy, SpA, from a task force of iron deficiency anemia Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) said, anemia can be caused by many things. “In fact there are certain circumstances, such as other illnesses, which cause the body to have anemia,” he said.
These circumstances, he explained, among others bleeding from a wound that causes the loss of red blood cells so that there was anemia. Djajadiman explained, not only out of the bleeding wound that looked like wounds, but also internal injuries such as bleeding in the intestines or other organs.
“Injury to the bowel are often not realized, but it also plays a role in the occurrence of anemia. Problem, injury to the intestine sometimes not cause the red color in the stool, but the actual blood cells are gone,” said Consultant of the Division of Hematology Oncology Hematology Oncology Department of Pediatrics Faculty of medicine-RSCM.
In addition, anemia in children is also caused by the lack of consumption of red blood cell-forming materials such as iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12. Therefore, Djajadiman suggested that children always get good nutrition to meet the needs of iron substance. “If necessary, you can add iron supplementation,” he said.
Anemia can also be caused by failure of the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. Production of red blood cells less, said Djajadiman, usually triggered by certain diseases that need to be investigated further.
Djajadiman said, anemia has a serious impact on the child. Especially in children under two years of age, when brain growth reaches his golden period, iron deficiency can result in suboptimal brain function and mental.